Configure GSLB on an active-standby high-availability setup

You can configure global server load balancing (GSLB) on active-standby HA deployment on Azure in three steps:

  1. Create a VPX HA pair on each GSLB site. See Configure a high-availability setup with multiple IP addresses and NICs for information about how to create an HA pair.

  2. Configure the Azure Load Balancer (ALB) with the front-end IP address and rules to allow GSLB and DNS traffic.

This step involves the following substeps. See the scenario in this section for the PowerShell commands used to complete these substeps.

a. Create a front-end IPconfig for GSLB site.

b. Create back-end address pool with IP address of NIC 1/1 of nodes in HA.

c. Create load-balancing rules for following:

    TCP/3011 – gslb communication
    TCP/3010 - gslb communication
    UDP/53 - DNS communication

d. Associate back-end address pool with the LB rules created in step c.

e. Update the network security group (NSG) of NIC 1/1 of nodes in both the HA pair to allow the traffic for TCP 3010, TCP 3011 and UDP 53 ports.
  1. Enable GSLB on each HA pair.


This scenario includes two sites - Site 1 and Site 2. Each site has an HA pair (HA1 and HA2) configured with multiple NICs, multiple IP addresses, and GSLB.

Figure: GLSB on Active-Standy HA Deployment on Azure

localized image

In this scenario, each VM has three NICs - NIC 0/1, 1/1, and 1/2. The NICs are configured for the following purposes.

NIC 0/1: to serve management traffic

NIC 1/1: to serve client-side traffic

NIC 1/2: to communicate with back-end servers

Parameter Settings

Following are sample parameters settings for the ALB. You can use different settings if you want.

$locName=”South east Asia”











Configure ALB with the front-end IP address and rules to allow GSLB and DNS traffic

Step 1. Create a public IP for GSLB site IP

$pip4=New-AzureRmPublicIpAddress -Name $pubIPName4 -ResourceGroupName $rgName -DomainNameLabel $domName4 -Location $locName -AllocationMethod Dynamic

Get-AzureRmLoadBalancer -Name \$lbName -ResourceGroupName \$rgName | Add-AzureRmLoadBalancerFrontendIpConfig -Name \$frontEndConfigName2 -PublicIpAddress \$pip4 | Set-AzureRmLoadBalancer

Step 2. Create LB rules and update the existing ALB.

$alb = get-AzureRmLoadBalancer -Name $lbName -ResourceGroupName $rgName

$frontendipconfig2=Get-AzureRmLoadBalancerFrontendIpConfig -LoadBalancer $alb -Name $frontEndConfigName2

$backendPool=Get-AzureRmLoadBalancerBackendAddressPoolConfig -LoadBalancer $alb -Name $backendPoolName1

$healthprobe=Get-AzureRmLoadBalancerProbeConfig -LoadBalancer $alb -Name $healthProbeName

\$alb | Add-AzureRmLoadBalancerRuleConfig -Name \$lbRuleName2 -BackendAddressPool \$backendPool -FrontendIPConfiguration  \$frontendipconfig2 -Protocol \"Tcp\" -FrontendPort 3011 -BackendPort 3011 -Probe \$healthprobe -EnableFloatingIP  | Set-AzureRmLoadBalancer

\$alb | Add-AzureRmLoadBalancerRuleConfig -Name \$lbRuleName3 -BackendAddressPool \$backendPool -FrontendIPConfiguration  \$frontendipconfig2 -Protocol \"Tcp\" -FrontendPort 3010 -BackendPort 3010 -Probe \$healthprobe -EnableFloatingIP  | Set-AzureRmLoadBalancer

\$alb | Add-AzureRmLoadBalancerRuleConfig -Name \$lbRuleName4 -BackendAddressPool \$backendPool -FrontendIPConfiguration  \$frontendipconfig2 -Protocol \"Udp\" -FrontendPort 53 -BackendPort 53 -Probe \$healthprobe -EnableFloatingIP  | Set-AzureRmLoadBalancer

Enable GSLB on each high availability pair

Now you’ve two front-end IP addresses for each ALB: ALB 1 and ALB 2. One IP address is for the LB virtual server and the other for the GSLB site IP.

 HA 1 has the following front-end IP addresses:

  • FrontEndIPofALB1 (for LB virtual server)

HA 2 has the following front-end IP addresses:

  • FrontEndIPofALB2 (for LB virtual server)

The following commands are used for this scenario.

enable ns feature LB GSLB

add service dnssvc PIPFORGSLB1 ADNS 53

add gslb site site1 PIPFORGSLB1 -publicIP PIPFORGSLB1

add gslb site site2 PIPFORGSLB2 -publicIP PIPFORGSLB2

add gslb service site1_gslb_http_svc1 FrontEndIPofALB1 HTTP 80 -publicIP FrontEndIPofALB1 -publicPort 80 -siteName site1

add gslb service site2_gslb_http_svc1 FrontEndIPofALB2 HTTP 80 -publicIP FrontEndIPofALB2 -publicPort 80 -siteName site2

add gslb vserver gslb_http_vip1 HTTP

bind gslb vserver gslb_http_vip1 -serviceName site2_gslb_http_svc1

bind gslb vserver gslb_http_vip1 -serviceName site1_gslb_http_svc1

bind gslb vserver gslb_http_vip1 -domainName -TTL 5

Related resources:

Configure GSLB on Citrix ADC VPX instances

Global Server Load Balancing

Configure GSLB on an active-standby high-availability setup