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VLAN configuration for admin partitions
VLANs can be bound to a partition as a “Dedicated” VLAN or a “Shared” VLAN. Based on your deployment, you can bind a VLAN to a partition to isolate its network traffic from other partitions.
Dedicated VLAN – A VLAN bound only to one partition with the “Sharing” option disabled and must be a tagged VLAN. For example, in a client-server deployment, for security reasons a system administrator creates a dedicated VLAN for each partition on the server side.
Shared VLAN – A VLAN bound (shared across) to multiple partitions with the “Sharing” option enabled. For example, in a client-server deployment, if the system administrator do not have control over the client side network, a VLAN is created and shared across multiple partitions.
Shared VLAN can be used across multiple partitions. It is created in the default partition and you can bind a shared VLAN to multiple partitions. By default, a shared VLAN is bound to the default partition implicitly and hence it cannot be bound explicitly.
A NetScaler appliance deployed on any hypervisor (ESX, KVM, Xen, and Hyper-V) platform must comply with both the following conditions in a partition setup and traffic domain:
- Enable the promiscuous mode, MAC changes, MAC spoofing, or forged transmit for shared VLANs with partition.
- Enable the VLAN with port group properties of the virtual switch, if the traffic is through a dedicated VLAN.
In a partitioned (multitenant) NetScaler appliance, a system administrator can isolate the traffic flowing to a particular partition or partitions. It is done by binding one or more VLANs to each partition. A VLAN can be dedicated to one partition or Shared across multiple partitions.
Internal routing between partitions that are hosted on the same NetScaler appliance is not supported.
To isolate the traffic flowing into a partition, create a VLAN and associate it with the partition. The VLAN is then visible only to the associated partition, and the traffic flowing through the VLAN is classified and processed only in the associated partition.
To implement a dedicated VLAN for a particular partition, do the following.
- Add a VLAN (V1).
- Bind a network interface to VLAN as a tagged network interface.
- Create a partition (P1).
- Bind partition (P1) to the dedicated VLAN (V1).
Create a VLAN
add vlan <id>
add vlan 100
Bind a VLAN
bind vlan <id> -ifnum <interface> -tagged
bind vlan 100 –ifnum 1/8 -tagged
Create a partition
Add ns partition <partition name> [-maxBandwidth <positive_integer>][-maxConn <positive_integer>] [-maxMemLimit <positive_integer>]
Add ns partition P1 –maxBandwidth 200 –maxconn 50 –maxmemlimit 90 Done
Bind a partition to a VLAN
bind partition <partition-id> -vlan <id>
bind partition P1 –vlan 100
- Navigate to Configuration > System > Network > VLANs* and click Add to create a VLAN.
On the Create VLAN page, set the following parameters:
- VLAN ID
- Alias Name
- Maximum Transmission Unit
- Dynamic Routing
- IPv6 Dynamic Routing
- Partitions Sharing
- In the Interface Bindings section, select one or more interfaces and bind it to the VLAN.
- In the IP Bindings section, select one or more IP addresses and bind to the VLAN.
- Click OK and Done.
In a shared VLAN configuration, each partition has a MAC address, and traffic received on the shared VLAN is classified by MAC address. Only a Layer3 VLAN is recommended because it can restrict the subnet traffic. A partition MAC address is applicable and important only for a shared VLAN deployment.
Starting from NetScaler version 12.1 build 51.16, shared VLAN in a partitioned appliance support dynamic routing protocol.
The following diagram shows how a VLAN (VLAN 10) is shared across two partitions.
To deploy a shared VLAN configuration, do the following:
- Create a VLAN with the sharing option ‘enabled’, or enable the sharing option on an existing VLAN. By default, the option is ‘disabled’.
- Bind partition interface to shared VLAN.
- Create the partitions, each with its own PartitionMAC address.
- Bind the partitions to the shared VLAN.
At the command prompt, type one of the following commands to add VLAN or set the sharing parameter of an existing VLAN:
add vlan <id> [-sharing (ENABLED | DISABLED)] set vlan <id> [-sharing (ENABLED | DISABLED)] add vlan 100 –sharing ENABLED set vlan 100 –sharing ENABLED
At the command prompt, type:
bind partition <partition-id> -vlan <id> bind partition P1 –vlan 100 add ns partition P1 –maxBandwidth 200 –maxconn 50 –maxmemlimit 90 -partitionMAC<mac_addr Done
set ns partition <partition name> [-partitionMAC<mac_addr>] set ns partition P1 –partitionMAC 22:33:44:55:66:77
bind partition <partition-id> -vlan <id> bind partition <partition-id> -vlan <id> bind partition P1 –vlan 100 bind partition P2 –vlan 100 bind partition P3 –vlan 100 bind partition P4 –vlan 100
Navigate to Configuration > System > Network > VLANs and then select a VLAN profile and click Edit to set the partition sharing parameter.
On the Create VLAN page, select the Partitions Sharing check box.
Click OK and then Done.
Admin partitions in a NetScaler appliance provide a way to host multiple tenants.
Starting from NetScaler version 12.1 build 51.16, a shared VLAN in a partitioned appliance supports the dynamic routing protocol. Routing can be configured in dedicated or shared VLANs associated with admin partitions.
Dedicated VLAN of an admin partition. In a dedicated VLAN, the data path for the tenant is identified using one or more VLANs. It results in strict configuration and data-path isolation for the tenant. For advertising the health of a VIP address, dynamic routing is enabled in each partition and the routing adjacency is established per partition.
A shared VLAN across admin partitions. In a shared VLAN, VIP addresses configured in a non-default partition can be advertised through a single adjacency or peering formed in the default partition. A SNIP address in the non-default partition is used as the next-hop for all the VIP addresses (configured with advertiseOnDefaultPartition option) in that non-default partition. The configured SNIP address is marked as a next-hop IP address in the routing advertisements.
Consider an example setup of admin partitions in a NetScaler appliance, VLAN 100 is shared across the default partition, and non-default partitions: AP-3 and AP-5. SNIP addresses SNIP1 is added in the default partition, SNIP3 is added in AP-3, and SNIP5 is added in AP-5. SNIP1, SNIP3, and SNIP5 are reachable over the vlan-100. VIP addresses VIP1 is added in the default partition, VIP3 is added in AP-3, and VIP5 is added in AP-5. VIP3 and VIP5 are advertised through the single adjacency or peering formed in the default partition.
Before configuring dynamic routing over a shared VLAN in a non-default admin partition, make sure that:
Dynamic routing is configured on the shared VLAN in the default partition. Configuring dynamic routing on the shared VLAN in the default partition consists of the following steps:
- Enable dynamic routing on the shared VLAN.
- Add a SNIP IP address with dynamic routing enabled. This SNIP IP address is used for dynamic routing with the upstream.
- Bind the SNIP IP subnet to the shared VLAN.
- One or more dynamic routing protocol is configured on the default partition. For more information, see configure dynamic routing protocols.
Configuring dynamic routing over a shared VLAN in a non-default admin partition consists of the following steps:
Add a SNIP IP address in the non-default partition. This SNIP IP address must be in the same subnet of the SNIP IP address that is being used for dynamic routing in the default partition.
Set or enable the following parameters for advertising a VIP address, in a non-default partition, using dynamic routing.
- Host route gateway (hostRtGw). Set this parameter to the SNIP address added in the preceding step.
- Advertise on default partition (advertiseOnDefaultPartition). Enable this parameter.
Consider an example of an admin partition setup in a NetScaler appliance. A non-default admin partition AP-3 is configured on this appliance. A shared VLAN VLAN100 is bound to AP-3. The following sample configuration configures dynamic routing, through VLAN100, in AP-3.
|On default admin partition||-|
|Enable dynamic routing on shared VLAN 100.||
|Add SNIP IP address 192.0.2.10 with dynamic routing enabled. This SNIP IP address is used for dynamic routing with the upstream.||
|Bind subnet of 192.0.2.10 to shared VLAN 100.||
|On non-default admin partition AP-3||-|
|Add SNIP IP address 192.0.2.30. This SNIP IP address is in the same subnet as the SNIP IP address 192.0.2.10 on the default partition.||
|For advertising VIP address 203.0.113.300 using dynamic routing, enable
enable ns feature IPv6PT and
set L3Param –ipv6DynamicRouting ENABLED commands must be enabled for an IPv6 address to dynamically route over a shared VLAN in an admin partition. The following sample configurations help you to configure dynamic routing of IPv6 over shared VLAN.
The following sample configuration configures dynamic routing, through VLAN 100, in AP-3.
|On default admin partition||-|
|Enable dynamic routing on shared VLAN 100.||
|Add SNIP IP address 2001:b:c:d::1/64 with dynamic routing enabled. The SNIP IP address is used for dynamic routing with the upstream.||
|Bind subnet of 2001:b:c:d::1/64 to shared VLAN 100.||
|On non-default admin partition AP-3||-|
|Add SNIP IP address 2001:b:c:d::2/64. This SNIP IP address is in the same subnet as the SNIP IP address 2001:b:c:d::2/64 on the default partition.||
|For advertising VIP address 2002::1/128 using dynamic routing, enable
The VIP present in the admin partition must be seen on VTYSH of default partition as a kernel route.
> switch partition default Done >vtysh ns# ns# sh ipv6 route kernel IPv6 routing table Codes: K - kernel route, C - connected, S - static, R - RIP, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area, E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, I - IS-IS, B - BGP Timers: Uptime K 2002::1/128 via 2001:b:c:d::2, vlan0, 01:24:15 >> on Default Partition, VIP : 2002::1 present in AP known via SNIP6 : 2001:b:c:d::2 is present in AP as a Kernel Route
It can be advertised to upstream by using “redistribute kernel” option under OSPFv3/BGP+ in default partition.
ns# sh run router ipv6 ospf ! router ipv6 ospf 1 redistribute kernel !
On an SDX appliance, you must generate and configure the PMAC address by using the Management Service user interface, before using the admin partitions with shared VLANs. Management Service enables you to generate partition MAC addresses by:
- Using a base MAC address
- Specifying custom MAC addresses
- Randomly generating MAC addresses
- The randomly generating MAC addresses are used for other deployments other than high availability.
- After generating the partition MAC addresses, you must restart the NetScaler instance before configuring the admin partitions. For more information on generating partition MAC addresses from the SDX appliance, see Generating Partition MAC Addresses to Configure Admin Partition on a NetScaler instance in the SDX Appliance.
In this article
- Dedicated VLANs
- Configure the following by using the CLI
- Configure a dedicated VLAN by using the NetScaler GUI
- Shared VLAN
- Configure Shared VLAN by using the NetScaler GUI
- Dynamic routing over a shared VLAN across admin partitions
- Dynamic routing of IPv6 over a shared VLAN across admin partition
- Shared VLAN with admin partition on NetScaler SDX appliance
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